Fruits and vegetables are important sources of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibre. The consumption of fruits and vegetables has increased significantly as consumers have become more health-conscious. Whilst most fruit and vegetables should be eaten fresh, processed fruit and vegetables can be acceptable alternatives.
Fruit and vegetables have many similarities with respect to their compositions, methods of cultivation and harvesting, storage properties and processing. Processing (canning, Dehydration & Preservation) increases the shelf life of fruits and vegetables.
Fruits and vegetables are processed into a variety of products such as juices and concentrates, pulp, canned and dehydrated products, jams and jellies, pickles and chutneys etc.
The technology for preservation also varies with products and targeted market. It accounts for about 15 percent of the world’s production of vegetables. Due to the short shelf life of these crops, as much as 30-35% of fruits and vegetables perish during harvest, storage, grading, transport, packaging, and distribution.
Hence, there is a need for processing technology of fruits and vegetables to cater the domestic demand. The major contents of the book are procedures for fruit and vegetable preservation, chemical preservation of foods, food preservation by fermentation, preservation by drying, canning fruits, syrups and brines for canning, fruit beverages, fermented beverages, jams, jellies and marmalades, tomato products, chutneys, sauces and pickles, vegetables preparation for processing, vegetable juices, sauces and soups, vegetable dehydration, freezing of vegetables etc. The book also contains photographs of Production Line & Machinery.