Do you want to know more about starting an Arjuna farming? Read this post to get the details on how to start Arjun tree farming.
The scientific name of Arjun is Terminalia Arjuna and it belongs to the family Combretaceae. The other names are Arjuna, Koha, Kahu, Arjan, White Marudah, White Murdh, Arjuna Myrobalan, Orjun, Yerra Maddi, Sadada, Sadaru etc.
Arjuna is a large evergreen tree. The height of the Arjuna tree reaches up to 60 -85 feet. The tree produces yellow flowers and conical leaves. It has a smooth gray bark. And the fruits are 2.5 -3.5 cm long. The bark has immense commercial potential.
Arjun tree grows in tropical countries. And India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, and African countries are the major growers of this plantation tree. However, the tree is common throughout the greater part of the Indian peninsula along rivers, streams, ravines, and dry watercourses.
Economic Importance Of Arjun Tree Plantation
The bark is the most important product of this tree. The Bark of the Arjuna tree contains calcium salts, magnesium salts, and glucosides. The bark is used in about 12 Ayurvedic preparations including cardiac tonic.
Arjuna helps in maintaining the cholesterol level at the normal rate, as it contains antioxidant properties similar to Vitamin E. In addition, you can sell the seeds of the plants. Apart from the plantation, the Arjun tree is an important plant in urban street ornamentation and shades. So, you can the seedlings also.
Arjun timber has great local market demand. It also provides satisfactory rayon-grade pulp in a mixture with other woods. In addition, Arjun is a very effective plantation tree for raising Tassar silkworm and livestock fodder. The leaves contain 9-11% crude protein and 14-20% crude fiber.
Health Benefits Of Arjun
- Arjuna is effective against the symptoms of asthma and can even cure the individual of this medical problem.
- In addition, it is a powerful antioxidant. It has astringent property and it helps in the prevention of acne.
- The Arjuna herb protects the cardiac tissue from any ischemic damage. Additionally, the arjuna herb helps in blood lipid-lowering, blood thinning, and prostaglandin properties. Additionally, consuming the arjuna herb is beneficial for smokers.
- Arjuna helps in maintaining healthy levels of cholesterol. Additionally, the presence of the phytochemicals in the arjuna bark helps to lower the levels of bad cholesterol.
Things To Consider In Commercial Arjun Tree Plantation
- First of all, like any plantation business, you must have a sufficient area of land to start this business.
- The plantation business doesn’t give any immediate profit. And you can expect earning only after 5 years onwards.
- Check whether the agroclimatic condition is perfect for Arjun tree plantation or not.
- In addition, crafting a business plan is most important. According to the land you have, calculate the cost of growing the trees. Furthermore, you must have a marketing plan.
Agroclimatic Condition For Arjun Tree Plantation
Arjun tree is basically a tropical species. It grows almost in all types of soils but it prefers humid, fertile loam, and red lateritic soils. It grows well on fertile, neutral (pH 6.5–7) soils, especially loose, moist, alluvial loam with good water supply and drainage. The plant requires a mean annual rainfall ranging from 750–1900 mm and a mean annual temperature ranging between 20–30°C. In addition, it is tolerant of waterlogging.
Steps to Follow for Arjun Tree Farming
You can propagate the Arjuna from seeds. In addition, you can also use seedlings for plantation. However, direct sown plants tend to tolerate mid-season drought better than nursery seedlings. You can get 775-800 Nos of seed from 1 Kg seed.
You will need to soak the seeds in water for almost 40 hours for germination before sowing. Germination takes about 50-70 days with 50-60% germination and within 2-3 months gets ready for transplanting in the main field. You can prepare the seedlings in a polybag also.
2. Planting & Spacing
You can plant the seedlings in the rainy season. This is better for the plant’s initial growth. Normally, you can prepare the stumps for 15-month-old seedlings. A collar diameter of about 1.2-2.5 cm is the optimum size for planting stumps.
Ideal planting pit size is 60 x 60 x 60 cm. And in the time of plantation, you will need to maintain a spacing of 6 x 6 m on either side. Therefore, the one-hectare area will accommodate about 275 plants.
3. Care & Maintenance
Arjun tree is a moderate shade-bearer but it does not tolerate dense overhead shade. You must do weeding and you must protect the plant from fire and frost for the first two years. In addition, you have to prune the plants to remove the weaker shoots.
4. Plant Protection
You have to keep proper plant protection arrangements for your plantation project. Generally, you can face some seasonal diseases like powdery mildew. In addition, the plant may get affected by leaf-eating insects. And if you are running the harvesting, it is advisable not to use chemical pesticides. And in that case, you can use neem-based pesticides.
5. Harvesting & Yield
The plant starts flowering and fruiting starts after 6-7 years of planting. However, you can remove the bark only after 15 years. It ensures you get a quality product. To avoid quick-drying, the cut surface may be plastered with a mixture of mud and cow dung immediately after bark removal.
From a full-grown tree, you can obtain about 15-20 kg of dry bark. Production increases up to 25-30 years. About 3 kg of fresh bark gives 1 kg on drying.
Related: Profitable Spice Farming Ideas
If you have an area of land that is not much fertile, then you can consider Arjun tree farming there. In addition, you can also turmeric and black pepper with Arjuna.